I'll be presenting one more version of my paper on immigration and humanitarianism:
A Critique of Violence in the Immigration Regime: VAWA, DACA, History, and Labor
In this paper, I theorize the question of violence and humanitarianism within the political theory of migration as developed in Latino political thought. Through an engagement with Walter Benjamin’s “Critique of Violence” and “Theses on the Philosophy of History” I examine how violence and its regulation illuminate how law and history figure in the sustenance of racial systems of labor exploitation. In particular, I rely on Eyal Weizman’s work on the humanitarian present to analyze how a favored strategy by portions of the left to extend humanitarian protection toward battered immigrant women and immigrants who arrived in the country as children is intimately entwined with violence. The logic of humanitarianism complements and authorizes the violent regime of enforcement, rather than countering it. In contrast, I argue that labor activism by farm workers brings to the fore the historical grounding of American capitalism on the lawful exploitation of brown and black workers. I analyze the actions of the Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) and argue that the CIW contests the violence against black and brown bodies in the fields and in so doing attacks the lawful exclusion of farm work from labor rights and protections. Moreover, CIW’s activism sidesteps the question of migration, thus centering the question of labor and revealing the ultimate goal of immigration laws; to reinforce other legal processes that make the fields spaces of sanctioned violence.