'The paradox of nationalism: the common denominator of radical left and radical right Euroscepticism'
This paper asks what explains similar Eurosceptic positions between radical right and radical left parties. In answering this question, it focuses on the paradoxical role of nationalism as an integral part of the discourse of both radical right and radical left wing parties. Although these two party families differ in terms of origins, transnational links and policy and although nationalism is usually associated with parties of the right in the literature, this paper argues that in fact nationalism cuts across party lines and is associated with both party families’ opposition to European integration. In order to test our argument, we employ a mixed methods approach. First, we use a new dataset from the 2009 Euromanifestos Project (EMP), which coded party manifestos. We have isolated questions that refer to nationalism and European integration and examine broad policy parallels between the two party families across Europe. Second, we apply the findings from the quantitative analysis on Greece and France as two countries with a strong presence of both radical right and radical left small parties.
'What underlies public attitudes towards the ‘constitutionalisation’ of the EU? Evidence from Britain'
This paper analyses the factors underlying public attitudes in Britain towards recent attempts to provide the EU with some form of constitutional document. Britain is historically one of the most Eurosceptic of countries and where popular consent for major EU initiatives has been visibly lacking. In the context of the ongoing ‘constitutionalisation’ of the EU, this represents the first detailed assessment of attitudes in Britain building upon insights from existing strands of work analysing mass opinion on EU-related issues. Using logistic regression analysis, the impact of economic interests, national identity, party cues and political sophistication are assessed using recent evidence from two long-running survey instruments, British Social Attitudes and Eurobarometer.
'Support for Turkish accession and further EU enlargement in the United Kingdom'
This paper examines citizens’ attitudes in the UK towards Turkish accession and further enlargement of the European Union. It uses evidence from a recent Eurobarometer study to investigate the determinants of public opinion. After examining the party-political context and trends in attitudes over time, it uses logistic regression estimation to examine the role of sociological and attitudinal factors in structuring public opinion. Attitudinal variables play a key role while sociological variables have a weaker impact on support for both Turkish accession and further enlargement. Particularly strong are the impact of immigration attitudes, assessments of globalization, a European attachment, and general evaluations of the EU.
'The paradox of nationalism: the common denominator of radical left and radical right Euroscepticism' (with Daphne Halikiopoulou, LSE and Sofia Vasilopoulou, LSE/ UCL)
'What underlies public attitudes towards the ‘constitutionalisation’ of the EU? Evidence from Britain' (with Ben Clements, University of Leicester)
'Support for Turkish accession and further EU enlargement in the United Kingdom' (with Ben Clements, University of Leicester)