Austria is a long-standing immigration country. Nonetheless, very little is known about the integration of past and more recent waves of immigrants into the Austrian labour market. The study aims to fill this knowledge gap. It provides comprehensive evidence about the labour market situation of different groups of migrants over time, analysing labour market flows and comparing the labour market integration of different waves and groups of immigrants against the contextual backdrop of overall socioeconomic and employment conditions. The project draws on Austrian register data from social security agencies and the public employment service.
Funding: Anniversary Fund of the Austrian National Bank (OeNB)
Life expectancies in the EU have increased significantly over the past decades. Age-specific health statuses have also been improving. In contrast to these profound changes, the concepts that demographers have used to analyze ageing on a population level have remained largely static. A better understanding of age and ageingin the 21st century, for both science and policy, requires new approaches. This project set out to reassess population ageing based on innovative alternative definitions of age and ageing.
Funding: ERC Advanced Grant to Sergei Scherbov (IIASA)