My research interest includes constitutional and democratic theory, European law, comparative constitutional law, European decision-making processes, and judicialization of governance. I have also been involved in European private law projects ranging from torts to antitrust matter.
The infringement proceeding is understood as a mechanism of public enforcement of EU law centered in the administrative stage of the proceeding conducted by the Commission with the aim to negotiate a settlement, backed by the threat of bringing an infringing state to Court. The result is an administrative enforcement of EU law conducted by an omnipotent Commission. I claim that this understanding is wrong. The original meaning of the infringement proceeding was to ensure trust among the participants in the common project (integration) by creating a mechanism of remedying wrongs, so that nobody can benefit from wronging the others. It was meant to be a crucial mechanism of managing the coexistence of small and big, strong and weak states as equals. The transformation of the Treaties into a constitutional regime only reinforces this meaning.